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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2008 Aug;84(2):236-42. doi: 10.1038/clpt.2008.20. Epub 2008 Mar 5.

The effect of CYP2C19 polymorphism on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of clopidogrel: a possible mechanism for clopidogrel resistance.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


We evaluated the effect of the CYP2C19 genotype on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamcis of clopidogrel. Twenty-four subjects were divided into three groups on the basis of their CYP2C19 genotype: homozygous extensive metabolizers (homoEMs, n = 8), heterozygous EMs (heteroEMs, n = 8), and poor metabolizers (PMs, n = 8). After a single 300-mg loading dose of clopidogrel on day 1, followed by a 75-mg daily maintenance dose from days 2 to 7, we measured the plasma levels of clopidogrel and assessed the antiplatelet effect as pharmacodynamics. The mean clopidogrel area under the curve (AUC) for PMs was 1.8- and 2.9-fold higher than that for heteroEMs and homoEMs, respectively (P = 0.013). The mean peak plasma concentration in PMs was 1.8- and 4.7-fold higher than that of heteroEMs and homoEMs, respectively (P = 0.008). PMs exhibited a significantly lower antiplatelet effect than heteroEMs or homoEMs (P < 0.001). From these findings it is clear that the CYP2C19 genotype affects the plasma levels of clopidogrel and modulates the antiplatelet effect of clopidogrel.

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