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Immunol Today. 1991 Jul;12(7):223-7.

TH2 cells in systemic autoimmunity: insights from allogeneic diseases and chemically-induced autoimmunity.

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1
Department of Immunology, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.

Abstract

Systemic autoimmune diseases can be induced experimentally in rodents by graft-versus-host or host-versus-graft reactions and by chemicals such as HgCl2, gold salts and D-penicillamine. These models share several features, such as productions of anti-nuclear antibodies, immune glomerulonephritis, MHC class II hyperexpression on B cells, hyper-IgE, increased IL-4 activity and impairment of IL-2 production. This profile of cytokines suggests a central role for TH2-type cells in their pathogenesis. Here, Michel Goldman and colleagues review the data supporting this hypothesis and discuss the possible molecular bases for T-cell activation in chemically-induced systemic autoimmunity.

PMID:
1832281
DOI:
10.1016/0167-5699(91)90034-Q
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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