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Br J Cancer. 2008 Apr 22;98(8):1443-51. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6604277. Epub 2008 Mar 4.

Tumour-necrosis factor-A polymorphisms and gastric cancer risk: a meta-analysis.

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Department of Medicine, The Reading Hospital and Medical Center, West Reading, PA, USA.


Inflammation is one of the early phases in the development of gastric cancer. Therefore, several studies have examined the association of polymorphisms in tumour-necrosis factor-A gene (TNF-A) with gastric cancer risk. This meta-analysis reviews and summarises published evidence for these associations. Searching several databases yielded 24 independent studies that reported on the associations between TNF-A polymorphisms and gastric cancer risk. We analysed available data for the most commonly investigated polymorphisms: TNF-A -308G>A (23 studies), TNF-A -238G>A (9 studies), and TNF-A -857C>T (5 studies). Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated in the random-effects model using the DerSimonian-Laird method. Q-statistic and I(2)-statistic were calculated to examine heterogeneity, and funnel plots were plotted to examine small study effects. The overall ORs (95% CIs) for AG and AA genotypes vs GG genotype for TNF-A -308 were 1.09 (0.94-1.27) and 1.49 (1.11-1.99), respectively. For TNF-A -238, the corresponding ORs (95% CIs) were 1.05 (0.84-1.33) and 1.25 (0.30-5.26), respectively. The overall ORs (95% CIs) for CT and TT genotypes (vs CC) for TNF-A -857 were 1.06 (0.89-1.27) and 1.57 (0.91-2.70), respectively. The statistically significant association between TNF-A -308GG and gastric cancer was limited to western populations. This association showed little heterogeneity (I(2)=0) and remained consistently strong when analyses were limited to anatomic and histologic subtypes of gastric cancer, or limited to studies in which genotype frequencies were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, or limited to larger studies. These same subgroup analyses did not change results associated with other polymorphisms. In conclusion, TNF-A -308AA genotype was associated with a statistically significant increased risk of gastric cancer, whereas other studied polymorphisms were not. The association between TNF-A -857TT genotype and gastric cancer was near significant, and may become significant if more studies are published.

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