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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 May;93(5):1931-8. doi: 10.1210/jc.2007-2191. Epub 2008 Mar 4.

Visceral obesity and plasma glucose-insulin homeostasis: contributions of interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in men.

Author information

1
Québec Heart Institute, Hôpital Laval Research Centre, Hôpital Laval, 2725 Chemin Sainte-Foy, Pavilion Marguerite-D'Youville, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study examined the relationships of two inflammatory cytokines, IL-6 and TNF-alpha, to visceral adiposity and indices of plasma glucose-insulin homeostasis.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Plasma levels of IL-6 and TNF-alpha were measured in 189 untreated asymptomatic men (aged 43.7 +/- 7.8 yr; body mass index 29.0 +/- 4.3 kg/m(2); waist girth 98.6 +/- 10.3 cm).

RESULTS:

Significant and positive associations were found between both cytokines with adiposity and adipose tissue distribution indices (0.15 < or = r < 0.32; P < 0.05) as well as plasma glucose-insulin homeostasis variables (0.22 < or = r < 0.28; P <0.05). Comparison of two subgroups, each composed of 32 overweight men (> or =25 kg/m(2)) with similar body mass index values (28.7 kg/m(2) in both groups) but with markedly different levels of visceral adipose tissue (< vs. > or = 130 cm(2)), revealed significant differences only for IL-6 levels (1.42 +/- 1.15 vs. 0.86 +/- 0.52 pg/ml; P < 0.02 for men with high vs. low visceral adipose tissue, respectively). Finally, when subjects were stratified on the basis of their respective concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-alpha (using the 50th percentile of their overall distribution), an ANOVA revealed an independent contribution of IL-6 to the variation of fasting insulin (P < 0.01) and each of these two cytokines to the variation of insulin levels measured after a 75-g oral glucose challenge (P <0.01 for IL-6 and P < 0.05 for TNF-alpha).

CONCLUSIONS:

Because IL-6 appeared to be clearly associated with visceral adiposity, TNF-alpha rather showed associations with indices of total body fatness. Thus, TNF-alpha may contribute to the insulin resistance of overall obesity, whereas IL-6 may be one of the mediators of the hyperinsulinemic state specifically related to excess visceral adiposity.

PMID:
18319319
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2007-2191
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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