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Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2008 May;35(5-6):630-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1681.2008.04845.x. Epub 2008 Mar 3.

Anti-oxidant activity mediated neuroprotective potential of trimetazidine on focal cerebral ischaemia-reperfusion injury in rats.

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1
Pharmacy Department, The MS University of Baroda, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, Kalabhavan, Baroda, Gujarat, India.

Abstract

1. The present study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of trimetazidine (TMZ) following focal cerebral ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rat forebrain. 2. Cerebral I/R injury was induced in rats by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 h, followed by reperfusion for 22 h. Trimetazidine (5 and 25 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered 1 h after induction of MCAO. The effects of TMZ were investigated by measuring neurological deficit, volume of infarct and brain swelling after 22 h reperfusion. Oxidative stress and inflammatory reactivity were assessed by estimating anti-oxidant markers and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in brain homogenates. Rectal temperature was measured during the study. The effects of TMZ on blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability and apoptosis were also investigated in rat brain. Apoptosis was observed by DNA fragmentation studies using agarose gel electrophoresis. 3. Treatment with TMZ significantly (P < 0.01) reduced infarct volume and brain swelling. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was reduced in ipsilateral hemispheres of vehicle (saline)-treated reperfused (RI) animals. Treatment with TMZ significantly restored SOD activity (P < 0.01) and glutathione levels (P < 0.05) after reperfusion compared with RI animals. Lipid peroxidation, MPO activity, BBB permeability and rectal temperature were all significantly (P < 0.01, P < 0.05 and P < 0.001, respectively) reduced in TMZ-treated animals compared with RI animals. 4. These results suggest that TMZ protects the brain against cerebral I/R injury and that this neuroprotective activity could be mediated by its anti-oxidant properties. The reduction in rectal temperature by TMZ treatment may be responsible for maintaining the delicate energy balance during I/R injury in rat brain and could have contributed to the neuroprotective activity of TMZ.

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