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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2008 Sep;134(9):1005-11. doi: 10.1007/s00432-008-0366-6. Epub 2008 Mar 4.

Establishment of a nude mouse transplantable model of a human malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the mandible with high metastatic potential to the lung.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.


Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is one of the highest-grade sarcomas arising in bone and soft tissue. Its prognosis is poor because of chemoresistance and high metastatic potential to various organs. Few cases arising of MFH of the mandible or oral cavity have been documented. We established a tumor line in nude mice (MFH-N), which was derived from human MFH of the mandible and examined the characteristics of this tumor line. Histologically, MFH-N was identical to the original tumor and showed a storiform-pleomorphic pattern, but had low metastatic potential. Immunohistochemically, both the original and xenografted tumors expressed vimentin, S-100, alpha-SMA, and histiocytic marker CD68. Lysozyme was expressed by the original tumor, but only sporadically by the xenografted tumor. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated human beta-actin in this tumor line, indicating the human origin. In a parallel experiment, we established a new MFH cell line (MFH-NC) from MFH-N. Tumor cells inoculated into the flanks and submandibular region of nude mice developed into tumors histologically similar to MFH-N and the original tumor; multiple lung metastases were detected approximately 5 months after inoculation. The expression levels of various metastasis-related molecules differed between MFH-N and MFH-NC on Western blotting. In MFH-NC, the expressions of MMP7, MMP9, MT1-MMP, CXCR4, COX-2 and integrin alpha4 were up-regulated, while those of MMP2 and TIMP1 were down-regulated. Expression of TIMP2, integrinalphaL and sialyl lewis X were not detected in either line. Our findings suggest that the MFH-N tumor line transplantable in nude mice is a useful model for studying the biological behavior of MFH.

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