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FEBS Lett. 1991 Aug 19;288(1-2):86-90.

Acquisition of thermotolerance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae without heat shock protein hsp 104 and in the absence of protein synthesis.

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Department of Botany, University of Basel, Switzerland.


Acquisition of thermotolerance in response to a preconditioning heat treatment at 40 degrees C was studied in mutants of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae lacking a specific heat shock protein or the ability to synthesize proteins at 40 degrees C. A mutant carrying a deletion of heat shock protein hsp 104 and the corresponding wildtype strain were both highly sensitive to heat stress at 50.4 degrees C without preconditioning but both acquired almost the same level of thermotolerance after 60 min of preconditioning. Both strains showed equal induction of trehalose-6-phosphate synthase and accumulated equal levels of trehalose during the treatment. The conditional mutant ts--187 synthesized no proteins during the preconditioning heat treatment but nevertheless acquired thermotolerance, albeit to a lesser degree than the corresponding wildtype strain. Induction of trehalose-6-phosphate synthase and accumulation of trehalose were reduced to a similar extent. These results show that acquisition of thermotolerance and accumulation of trehalose are closely correlated during heat preconditioning and are modulated by protein synthesis but do not require it.

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