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J Biol Chem. 2008 May 2;283(18):12512-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M709330200. Epub 2008 Mar 3.

Store-operated Ca2+ influx causes Ca2+ release from the intracellular Ca2+ channels that is required for T cell activation.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Membrane Biology, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA.

Abstract

The precise control of many T cell functions relies on cytosolic Ca(2+) dynamics that is shaped by the Ca(2+) release from the intracellular store and extracellular Ca(2+) influx. The Ca(2+) influx activated following T cell receptor (TCR)-mediated store depletion is considered to be a major mechanism for sustained elevation in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) necessary for T cell activation, whereas the role of intracellular Ca(2+) release channels is believed to be minor. We found, however, that in Jurkat T cells [Ca(2+)](i) elevation observed upon activation of the store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) by passive store depletion with cyclopiazonic acid, a reversible blocker of sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase, inversely correlated with store refilling. This indicated that intracellular Ca(2+) release channels were activated in parallel with SOCE and contributed to global [Ca(2+)](i) elevation. Pretreating cells with (-)-xestospongin C (10 microM) or ryanodine (400 microM), the antagonists of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) or ryanodine receptor (RyR), respectively, facilitated store refilling and significantly reduced [Ca(2+)](i) elevation evoked by the passive store depletion or TCR ligation. Although the Ca(2+) release from the IP3R can be activated by TCR stimulation, the Ca(2+) release from the RyR was not inducible via TCR engagement and was exclusively activated by the SOCE. We also established that inhibition of IP3R or RyR down-regulated T cell proliferation and T-cell growth factor interleukin 2 production. These studies revealed a new aspect of [Ca(2+)](i) signaling in T cells, that is SOCE-dependent Ca(2+) release via IP3R and/or RyR, and identified the IP3R and RyR as potential targets for manipulation of Ca(2+)-dependent functions of T lymphocytes.

PMID:
18316371
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M709330200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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