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J Am Coll Health. 2008 Jan-Feb;56(4):445-53. doi: 10.3200/JACH.56.44.445-454.

Evaluation of a resilience intervention to enhance coping strategies and protective factors and decrease symptomatology.

Author information

1
Kinesiology and Health Education Department, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78710, USA. msteinhardt@mail.utexas.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In this pilot study, the authors examined the effectiveness of a 4-week resilience intervention to enhance resilience, coping strategies, and protective factors, as well as decrease symptomatology during a period of increased academic stress.

PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS:

College students were randomly assigned to experimental (n = 30) and wait-list control (n = 27) groups. The experimental group received a psychoeducational intervention in 4 two-hour weekly sessions. Measures of resilience, coping strategies, protective factors, and symptomatology were administered pre- and postintervention to both groups.

RESULTS:

Analyses indicated that the experimental group had significantly higher resilience scores, more effective coping strategies (i.e., higher problem solving, lower avoidant), higher scores on protective factors (i.e., positive affect, self-esteem, self-leadership), and lower scores on symptomatology (i.e., depressive symptoms, negative affect, perceived stress) postintervention than did the wait-list control group.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings indicate that this resilience program may be useful as a stress-management and stress-prevention intervention for college students.

PMID:
18316290
DOI:
10.3200/JACH.56.44.445-454
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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