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Endeavour. 2008 Mar;32(1):5-9. doi: 10.1016/j.endeavour.2008.01.005.

Project Coast: eugenics in apartheid South Africa.

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  • 1Howard College School of Law and CAPRISA, DDMRI Building, Medical School Campus, University of KwaZulu-Natal, 719 Umbilo Road, Durban 4001, South Africa.


It is a decade since the exposure of Project Coast, apartheid South Africa's covert chemical and biological warfare program. In that time, attention has been focused on several aspects of the program, particularly the production of narcotics and poisons for use against anti-apartheid activists and the proliferation of both chemical and biological weapons. The eugenic dimension of Project Coast has, by contrast, received scant attention. It is time to revisit the testimony that brought the suggestion of eugenic motives to light, reflect on some of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's findings and search for lessons that can be taken from this troubled chapter in South Africa's history.

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