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Cell Metab. 2008 Mar;7(3):269-76. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2008.01.008.

ATF4-mediated induction of 4E-BP1 contributes to pancreatic beta cell survival under endoplasmic reticulum stress.

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Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575, Japan.


Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis may play a crucial role in loss of pancreatic beta cell mass, contributing to the development of diabetes. Here we show that induction of 4E-BP1, the suppressor of the mRNA 5' cap-binding protein eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E), is involved in beta cell survival under ER stress. 4E-BP1 expression was increased in islets under ER stress in several mouse models of diabetes. The Eif4ebp1 gene encoding 4E-BP1 was revealed to be a direct target of the transcription factor ATF4. Deletion of the Eif4ebp1 gene increased susceptibility to ER stress-mediated apoptosis in MIN6 beta cells and mouse islets, which was accompanied by deregulated translational control. Furthermore, Eif4ebp1 deletion accelerated beta cell loss and exacerbated hyperglycemia in mouse models of diabetes. Thus, 4E-BP1 induction contributes to the maintenance of beta cell homeostasis during ER stress and is a potential therapeutic target for diabetes.

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