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Dev Biol. 2008 Apr 15;316(2):228-48. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.01.027. Epub 2008 Feb 5.

Multiple roles of the furrow deepening Ca2+ transient during cytokinesis in zebrafish embryos.

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Department of Biology, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong.


The generation of a required series of localized Ca(2+) transients during cytokinesis in zebrafish embryos suggests that Ca(2+) plays a necessary role in regulating this process. Here, we report that cortical actin remodeling, characterized by the reorganization of the contractile band and the formation during furrow deepening of pericleavage F-actin enrichments (PAEs), requires a localized increase in intracellular Ca(2+), which is released from IP(3)-sensitive stores. We demonstrate that VAMP-2 vesicle fusion at the deepening furrow also requires Ca(2+) released via IP(3) receptors, as well as the presence of PAEs and the action of calpains. Finally, by expressing a dominant-negative form of the kinesin-like protein, kif23, we demonstrate that its recruitment to the furrow region is required for VAMP-2 vesicle transport; and via FRAP analysis, that kif23 localization is also Ca(2+)-dependent. Collectively, our data demonstrate that a localized increase in intracellular Ca(2+) is involved in regulating several key events during furrow deepening and subsequent apposition.

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