Send to

Choose Destination
Urology. 2008 Aug;72(2):432-8. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2007.11.123. Epub 2008 Mar 3.

Cobalt protoporphyrin attenuates rat obstructive nephropathy: role of cellular infiltration.

Author information

Department of Urology, Osaka City University Medical School, Osaka, Japan.



Renal interstitial inflammation is closely related to the progressive renal fibrosis. It has been reported that heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction attenuated renal fibrosis in obstructive nephropathy. To elucidate the antifibrogenic mechanisms of HO-1, we examined the effect of HO-1 induction on renal interstitial inflammation.


Adult male rats underwent unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). The rats were pretreated with cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP, a potent HO-1 inducer; 15 or 50 mg/kg) subcutaneously on the day -6 and -1 before UUO. Sham-operated rats served as controls. Renal interstitial fibrosis, macrophage and T cell infiltration were immunohistochemically assessed on the day 5 after UUO. Gene expressions of HO-1 and profibrogenic molecules were determined by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.


CoPP dose-dependently induced HO-1 activity, protein, and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in the renal cortices. CoPP significantly attenuated the renal fibrosis in a dose-dependent manner. Gene expressions of transforming growth factor-beta and extracellular matrix proteins were upregulated in UUO and were attenuated by CoPP. CoPP markedly inhibited T cell infiltration. Unexpectedly, it enhanced macrophage influx dose dependently. Double immunostaining of macrophage and HO-1 showed that CoPP elicited HO-1 overexpression in infiltrating macrophages, whereas UUO alone did not.


HO-1 induction protected against the renal interstitial fibrosis in rat obstructive nephropathy. It is suggested that inhibition of T cell influx is, at least in part, involved in the protection. Increased macrophages that overexpress HO-1 may play an important role in attenuating renal fibrosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center