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Urology. 2008 Aug;72(2):432-8. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2007.11.123. Epub 2008 Mar 3.

Cobalt protoporphyrin attenuates rat obstructive nephropathy: role of cellular infiltration.

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1
Department of Urology, Osaka City University Medical School, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Renal interstitial inflammation is closely related to the progressive renal fibrosis. It has been reported that heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction attenuated renal fibrosis in obstructive nephropathy. To elucidate the antifibrogenic mechanisms of HO-1, we examined the effect of HO-1 induction on renal interstitial inflammation.

METHODS:

Adult male rats underwent unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). The rats were pretreated with cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP, a potent HO-1 inducer; 15 or 50 mg/kg) subcutaneously on the day -6 and -1 before UUO. Sham-operated rats served as controls. Renal interstitial fibrosis, macrophage and T cell infiltration were immunohistochemically assessed on the day 5 after UUO. Gene expressions of HO-1 and profibrogenic molecules were determined by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.

RESULTS:

CoPP dose-dependently induced HO-1 activity, protein, and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in the renal cortices. CoPP significantly attenuated the renal fibrosis in a dose-dependent manner. Gene expressions of transforming growth factor-beta and extracellular matrix proteins were upregulated in UUO and were attenuated by CoPP. CoPP markedly inhibited T cell infiltration. Unexpectedly, it enhanced macrophage influx dose dependently. Double immunostaining of macrophage and HO-1 showed that CoPP elicited HO-1 overexpression in infiltrating macrophages, whereas UUO alone did not.

CONCLUSIONS:

HO-1 induction protected against the renal interstitial fibrosis in rat obstructive nephropathy. It is suggested that inhibition of T cell influx is, at least in part, involved in the protection. Increased macrophages that overexpress HO-1 may play an important role in attenuating renal fibrosis.

PMID:
18313104
DOI:
10.1016/j.urology.2007.11.123
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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