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Behav Res Ther. 2008 Apr;46(4):477-86. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2008.01.011. Epub 2008 Jan 26.

The structure of feared social situations among individuals with a lifetime diagnosis of social anxiety disorder in two independent nationally representative mental health surveys.

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  • 1Departments of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, PZ-430 PsycHealth Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 3N4. coxbj@cc.umanitoba.ca

Abstract

The present study employed both exploratory and confirmatory factor analytic approaches with nationally representative samples of individuals with a lifetime diagnosis of social anxiety disorder (n=1123; n=3091, respectively) using split-halves of the National Comorbidity Replication Survey (n=9282) and cross-validated with the Canadian Community Health Survey on Mental Health and Wellbeing (n=36,984). Strong support was found for a three-factor solution. This model was obtained from exploratory factor analysis and was further evaluated using two confirmatory factor analytic investigations in the two national samples. The three social situational domains reflected (1) Social Interaction Fears, (2) Observation Fears, and (3) Public Speaking Fears. Individuals with generalized social anxiety disorder (i.e., those who endorsed 7 or more of 13 feared social situations assessed in the survey) were significantly more likely to report Social Interaction Fears and Observation Fears compared to individuals with non-generalized social anxiety disorder (i.e., those who endorsed only 6 or fewer of 13 feared social situations). Individuals with generalized social anxiety were particularly characterized by combinations of Public Speaking Fears plus Social Interaction Fears and Observation Fears. The clinical and classification implications of our study for DSM-V are discussed.

PMID:
18313030
DOI:
10.1016/j.brat.2008.01.011
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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