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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2008 Jun;377(4-6):473-81. doi: 10.1007/s00210-008-0274-y. Epub 2008 Mar 1.

Expression and functional role of beta-adrenoceptors in the human urinary bladder urothelium.

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Department of Urology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, 431-3192, Japan.


We investigated the presence of beta-adrenoceptor subtypes in human urinary bladder urothelium and examined whether beta-adrenoceptors in the urothelium modulate the relaxation responses of isolated human detrusor strips to a beta-adrenoceptor agonist. Expression of beta1-, beta2-, and beta3-adrenoceptor mRNA in urothelium and detrusor smooth muscle was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and the distribution of beta1-, beta2-, and beta3-adrenoceptors in human urinary bladder urothelium were examined by immunohistochemistry. Paired human longitudinal detrusor strips with and without an intact urothelium were suspended in organ baths to construct concentration-response curves to isoproterenol. The possible involvement of urothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) in this response was examined in additional experiments with urothelium-intact strips in the presence of NG-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME). Results confirmed the expression of beta1-, beta2-, and beta3-adrenoceptors in the human urinary bladder urothelium. Further, the presence of the urothelium caused a parallel rightward shift of the concentration-response curve to isoproterenol with a significant reduction in potency (pEC50). L-NAME failed to exert any significant effect on the relaxation response to isoproterenol in the urothelium-intact strips. These results confirm the presence of beta1-, beta2-, and beta3-adrenoceptors in human urinary bladder urothelium. Further, they suggest that urothelial beta-adrenoceptors induce the release of a urothelium-derived factor which inhibits the beta-adrenoceptor agonist-induced relaxation of the human detrusor smooth muscle and that this inhibitory mechanism might not involve NO.

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