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Eur J Pharmacol. 2008 Apr 14;584(1):10-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.01.018. Epub 2008 Jan 26.

Pharmacological profile of store-operated Ca(2+) entry in intrapulmonary artery smooth muscle cells.

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1
Division of Physiology and Pharmacology, Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NR, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) plays an important role in the contraction and proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). The aim of this study was to characterise the pharmacological properties of the SOCE pathway in freshly isolated PASMCs from rat lung and to determine whether this Ca(2+) entry pathway is sensitive to nitric oxide donor drugs. Following depletion of Ca(2+) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, by treating cells with thapsigargin, re-addition of Ca(2+) produced an increase in cytosolic fluo-4 fluorescence that was sustained for the period that extracellular Ca(2+) was present. Thapsigargin also increased the rate of quench of fura-2 fluorescence, confirming that SOCE was activated. The SOCE pathway was not affected by nifedipine or verapamil; however, it was inhibited by the divalent cations Ni(2+) (10 microM) and Cd(2+) (10 microM) by 47+/-5% and 49+/-5% respectively. SOCE was also inhibited 42+/-5% by 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB; 75 microM) and 58+/-4% by Gd(3+) (10 microM), although La(3+) (100 microM) had little effect. None of the NO donors examined, including sodium nitroprusside, glyceryl trinitrate, and 2-(N,N-diethylamino)-diazenolate-2-oxide had any effect on SOCE. Thus, the pulmonary vasorelaxation produced by NO does not involve direct inhibition of SOCE in PASMCs. Western blot and immunocytochemistry using antibodies directed against specific TRPC subunits detected the presence of TRPC1, 3, and 6 in pulmonary artery and the pharmacological profile of SOCE in PASMCs favours a role for TRPC1 in mediating the underlying channels that are activated by store depletion.

PMID:
18308301
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.01.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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