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Oncol Res. 2007;16(11):497-506.

The proteomic analysis of cisplatin resistance in breast cancer cells.

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Cancer Biology Proteomics Group, Postgraduate Medical Institute of the University of Hull, UK.


Resistance to cisplatin represents a major obstacle in the effective management of many cancers, including metastatic breast cancer. We aimed to gain further understanding of the mechanisms underlying development of cisplatin resistance using an in vitro cell line model. The MCF-7 breast cancer cell line and a novel derivative displaying significant resistance to cisplatin were analyzed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The protein profiles were compared and 15 differentially expressed proteins were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The downregulation of beta-tubulin type 3, cytokeratin 17, tropomyosin 1-alpha, peroxiredoxin 4, heat shock 27-kDa protein 1, glutathione-S-transferase mu 3, ribosomal protein P0, isocitrate dehydrogenase 3, and peptidyl-prolyl isomerase A isoform 1 was associated with cisplatin-resistant cells. In contrast, the expression of hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase 15-(NAD), matrix metalloproteinase 9, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A3, proteasome beta 1 subunit, electron transfer flavoprotein beta-polypeptide isoform 1, and peptidyl-propyl isomerase B precursor was upregulated in cisplatin-resistant cells. The downregulation (at least twofold) of glutathione-S-transferase mu 3, cytokeratin 17, and peroxiredoxin 4 was confirmed by Western blotting. We have identified alterations in the expression levels of several proteins that may be associated with cisplatin resistance and are candidates for further validation in clinical samples.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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