Send to

Choose Destination
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2008;30(1):117-34. doi: 10.1080/08923970701812688 .

Effects of alpha-glucosylhesperidin, a bioactive food material, on collagen-induced arthritis in mice and rheumatoid arthritis in humans.

Author information

Health Science Laboratory, Ezaki Glico Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan.


Hesperidin (Hsp) is an abundant flavonoid in citrus fruits, and the oral administration of Hsp has been recently reported to suppress collagen-induced arthritis in mice. Therefore, we sought to determine whether alpha-glucosylhesperidin (Hsp-G), which is an Hsp derivative with enhanced water-solubility, is effective on treating arthritis in both mice and humans. Hsp-G was orally administered to mice with collagen-induced arthritis, and its effects were evaluated clinically and histologically. Oral administration of Hsp-G improved collagen-induced arthritis when administered before the onset of arthritis as well as when administered after its onset. A decrease in tumor necrosis factor-alpha production was found to cause this improvement. In the human study, 19 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were enrolled in a 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Patients were administered beverages containing 3 g Hsp-G (n = 9) or placebo (n = 10) every morning for the duration of the 3-month trial. Additionally, patients received standard therapy from a physician every 4 weeks. As a result, 3 of 9 patients in the Hsp-G group improved, while only 1 of 10 patients in the placebo group improved; this was in accordance with the American College of Rheumatology criteria. The present study revealed that the food material Hsp-G was effective when administered with standard anti-rheumatoid therapy in ameliorating RA in mice and humans without any adverse effects and may improve the quality of life for patients with RA as a complementary/alternative medicine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center