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J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2008 Winter;20(1):86-92. doi: 10.1176/jnp.2008.20.1.86.

The neuropsychiatry and neuropsychology of lipoid proteinosis.

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Department of Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.


Lipoid proteinosis is a rare hereditary disease which often results in bilateral calcifications in the medial temporal region. Thirty-four adults living with lipoid proteinosis (>10% of the world population) were extensively assessed with standardized neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological measures. Of these, 27 patients representing a homogenous group living in the Northern Cape were matched with 47 controls. Subjects with lipoid proteinosis had a high incidence of neuropsychiatric disorders and performed poorly on facial recognition of positive and negative emotions and on many neuropsychological measures. These findings are consistent with involvement of the medial temporal areas in cognitive and emotive processing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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