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Mol Immunol. 2008 May;45(9):2710-4. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2008.01.010. Epub 2008 Mar 4.

The quorum quenching antibody RS2-1G9 protects macrophages from the cytotoxic effects of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing signalling molecule N-3-oxo-dodecanoyl-homoserine lactone.

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Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


The Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an opportunistic human pathogen, uses acyl-homoserine lactone-based quorum sensing systems to control its pathogenicity. One of its quorum sensing factors, N-3-oxo-dodecanoyl-homoserine lactone, has been shown not only to mediate bacterial quorum sensing but also to exert cytotoxic effects on mammalian cells. The monoclonal antibody RS2-1G9 generated against a 3-oxo-dodecanoyl-homoserine lactone analogue hapten was able to protect murine bone marrow-derived macrophages from the cytotoxic effects and also prevented the activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38. These data demonstrate that an immunopharmacotherapeutic approach to combat P. aeruginosa infections might be a viable therapeutic option as the monoclonal antibody RS2-1G9 can readily sequester bacterial N-3-oxo-dodecanoyl-homoserine lactone molecules, thus interfering with their biological effects in prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems.

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