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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 Mar;12(3 Suppl 1):79-84.

Patient and provider perspectives on implementation models of HIV counseling and testing for patients with TB.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA.



TB clinics in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.


To identify an acceptable approach to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counseling and testing (CT) for patients with tuberculosis (TB) from health care worker (HCWs) and patient perspectives.


A qualitative evaluation was conducted of three models of routine provider-initiated HIV CT: off-site referral to a freestanding voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) center, on-site referral for HIV CT at the primary health care center to which the TB clinic belongs and HIV CT by the TB nurse.


Incorporating HIV CT into routine TB care was supported by HCWs (96%) and patients (99%). The trusting patient-provider relationship was a primary reason why most HCWs (74%) and patients (68%) preferred the HIV CT by TB nurse model. Patients also cited continuity of care and potential optimisation of the management of HIV co-infected patients as reasons. Some patients and HCWs were concerned about confidentiality issues (HIV status documentation and privacy of counseling) and the potential difficulty of refusing routine HIV CT when it was offered by TB nurses. Some HCWs also expressed worry about the increased workload.


Qualitative data provided insight into reasons for the high uptake observed of routine HIV CT offered by TB nurses and identified potential concerns when implementing this model.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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