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J Hypertens. 2008 Mar;26(3):453-61. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0b013e3282f2f10c.

A haplotype of the CYP4A11 gene associated with essential hypertension in Japanese men.

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  • 1Division of Molecular Diagnostics, Department of Advanced Medical Science, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

CYP4A11, a member of the cytochrome P450 family, acts mainly as an enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, a metabolite involved in blood pressure regulation in humans. Disruption of the murine cyp4a14 and cyp4a10 genes, homologues of human CYP4A11, was reported recently to cause hypertension. The gene-disrupted male mice had higher blood pressure than the gene-disrupted female mice. The present study aimed to assess the association between the human CYP4A11 gene and essential hypertension, using a haplotype-based case-control study including separate analysis of the gender groups.

METHODS:

The 304 essential hypertension patients and 207 age-matched control individuals were genotyped for three single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the human CYP4A11 gene (rs2269231, rs1126742, rs9333025). Data were assessed for three separate groups: total participants, men and women.

RESULTS:

For total participants, the genotypic distribution of rs1126742 differed significantly between the two groups (P = 0.005). For total participants, men and women, the recessive model (CC versus TC + TT) of rs1126742 differed significantly between the two groups (P = 0.007, P = 0.043, and P = 0.045, respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed the TC + TT genotype was significantly higher in essential hypertension patients than in control individuals for total participants and men (P = 0.022 and P = 0.043, respectively). The A-T-G haplotype frequency (established by rs2269231, rs1126742, rs9333025) was significantly higher in essential hypertension men than in control men (P = 0.043).

CONCLUSIONS:

Essential hypertension is associated with the TC + TT genotype of rs1126742 in the human CYP4A11 gene. The A-T-G haplotype appears a useful genetic marker of essential hypertension in Japanese men.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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