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Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2008 May;34(5):648-65. doi: 10.1177/0146167207313729. Epub 2008 Feb 25.

Understanding the relations between different forms of racial prejudice: a cognitive consistency perspective.

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Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, Social Science Centre, London, Ontario, Canada.


Research on racial prejudice is currently characterized by the existence of diverse concepts (e.g., implicit prejudice, old-fashioned racism, modern racism, aversive racism) that are not well integrated from a general perspective. The present article proposes an integrative framework for these concepts employing a cognitive consistency perspective. Specifically, it is argued that the reliance on immediate affective reactions toward racial minority groups in evaluative judgments about these groups depends on the consistency of this evaluation with other relevant beliefs pertaining to central components of old-fashioned, modern, and aversive forms of prejudice. A central prediction of the proposed framework is that the relation between "implicit" and "explicit" prejudice should be moderated by the interaction of egalitarianism-related, nonprejudicial goals and perceptions of discrimination. This prediction was confirmed in a series of three studies. Implications for research on prejudice are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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