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J Food Sci. 2008 Mar;73(2):M54-61. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2007.00640.x.

Detection of sublethal thermal injury in Salmonella enterica serotype typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy (4000 to 600 cm(-1)).

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1
Dept. of Nutrition and Food Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, The Univ. of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan. h.qadiri@ju.edu.jo

Abstract

Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy (4000 to 600 cm(-1)) was utilized to detect sublethally heat-injured microorganisms: Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium ATCC 14028, a Gram-negative bacterium, and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 19113, a Gram-positive bacterium. A range of heat treatments (N= 2) at 60 degrees C were evaluated: 0D (control), 2D, 4D, 6D, and 8D using a D(60 degrees C) (S. enterica serotype Typhimurium ATCC 14028 = 0.30 min, L. monocytogenes ATCC 19113 = 0.43 min). The mechanism of cell injury appeared to be different for Gram-negative and Gram-positive microbes as observed from differences in the 2nd derivative transformations and loadings plot of bacterial spectra following heat treatment. The loadings for PC1 and PC2 confirmed that the amide I and amide II bands were the major contribution to spectral variation, with relatively small contributions from C-H deformations, the antisymmetric P==O stretching modes of the phosphodiester nucleic acid backbone, and the C-O-C stretching modes of polysaccharides. Using soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA), the extent of injury could be predicted correctly at least 83% of the time. Partial least squares (PLS) calibration analysis was constructed using 5 latent variables for predicting the bacterial counts for survivors of the different heat treatments and yielded a high correlation coefficient (R= 0.97 [S. enterica serotype Typhimurium] and 0.98 [L. monocytogenes]) and a standard error of prediction (SEP= 0.51 [S. enterica serotype Typhimurium] and 0.39 log(10) CFU/mL [L. monocytogenes]), indicating that the degree of heat injury could be predicted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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