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J Food Sci. 2008 Mar;73(2):C67-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2007.00620.x.

The localization of phytate in tofu curd formation and effects of phytate on tofu texture.

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1
The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Iwate Univ., 3-18-8 Ueda, Morioka, Iwate 020-8550, Japan.

Abstract

The localization of phytate on tofu making and its effects on tofu texture were investigated. Thirty-eight percent and 3% of phytate in soymilk were bound to soluble protein and particulate protein, respectively, and the others were in free form. In the early stage of curd formation, phytate bound to particulate proteins and then a large part of phytate was taken into the tofu curd. Increase of phytate contents in soymilk resulted in the increase of coagulant requirement to make firm tofu. Optimal coagulant concentration (OCC) for making tofu was influenced by phytate contents. The increase of phytate in tofu caused decrease of hardness at OCC and resulted in the increase of brittleness and viscosity of tofu. We concluded that the phytate content is one important factor that contributes to tofu texture.

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