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J Chem Phys. 2008 Feb 21;128(7):074302. doi: 10.1063/1.2838776.

One- and two-photon absorptions in asymmetrically substituted free-base porphyrins: a density functional theory study.

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Theoretical Chemistry, Royal Institute of Technology, AlbaNova, Stockholm, Sweden.


Electronic spectra and structures of a new family of free-base porphyrin (H(2)P) derivatives with 4-(diphenylamino)stilbene (DPAS) or 4,4'-bis-(diphenylamino)stilbene (BDPAS) asymmetric substituents, recently synthesized and studied by Drobizhev et al. [J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 9802 (2006)] are investigated by density functional theory (DFT) using modern density functionals and the 6-31G* basis set. The time-dependent DFT technique is applied for calculations of one- and two-photon absorption spectra, electric and magnetic dipole moments, and for prediction of electronic circular dichroism for these chiral molecules. The four-band absorption spectrum of the H(2)P molecule (Q(x), Q(y), 0-0 and 1-0 bands) is enhanced in single-bond-linked DPAS. This enhancement is explained by hyperconjugation of the almost orthogonal pi systems and by small charge-transfer admixtures. The effect is much stronger for the double-bond- and triple-bond-linked DPAS and BDPAS substituents where absorption in the Q region transforms into a two-band spectrum. These molecules with ethenyl and ethynyl bonding of the porphyrin and donor substituent show very strong two-photon absorption in the near-infrared region. DFT calculations explain this by more efficient conjugation between the H(2)P and DPAS (BDPAS) chromophores, since they are almost coplanar: "Gerade" states of the H(2)P molecule occur in the Soret region and transform into charge-transfer states with nonzero transition moments. They are responsible for the strong two-photon absorption effects. Mixing of excitations in both chromophores explains the broadening of the Soret band. Though the calculated two-photon absorption cross sections are overestimated, the qualitative trends are reproduced and help understanding the whole genesis of spectra of these asymmetrically substituted H(2)P derivatives.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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