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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1991 Jul 1;54(1):119-26.

Chromosome 7 abnormalities in children with Down syndrome and preleukemia.

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Division of Oncology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104.


Three children, two boys and one girl, with Down syndrome (DS) who presented with preleukemia and loss of all or part of chromosome 7 were studied. Initial presentation, with cytopenias and less than 25% blasts in the bone marrow, was between 13 and 30 months of age. Progression to acute nonlymphocytic leukemia occurred 1-8 months after initial presentation. The morphologic type was megakaryoblastic in two, and undifferentiated in one. Two children achieved remission with intensive therapy, and one continues in remission off therapy; the other child died in remission of accidental causes. The third child died of respiratory distress and leukemia after no intervention was chosen. These cases represent the first examples of chromosome 7 abnormalities associated with DS and leukemia, and suggest differences from the "monosomy 7" syndrome seen in children without DS.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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