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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Mar;89(3):393-8. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.08.162.

Mirror therapy improves hand function in subacute stroke: a randomized controlled trial.

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1
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. gyavuzer@medicine.ankara.edu.tr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effects of mirror therapy on upper-extremity motor recovery, spasticity, and hand-related functioning of inpatients with subacute stroke.

DESIGN:

Randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded, 4-week trial, with follow-up at 6 months.

SETTING:

Rehabilitation education and research hospital.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 40 inpatients with stroke (mean age, 63.2y), all within 12 months poststroke.

INTERVENTIONS:

Thirty minutes of mirror therapy program a day consisting of wrist and finger flexion and extension movements or sham therapy in addition to conventional stroke rehabilitation program, 5 days a week, 2 to 5 hours a day, for 4 weeks.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The Brunnstrom stages of motor recovery, spasticity assessed by the Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), and hand-related functioning (self-care items of the FIM instrument).

RESULTS:

The scores of the Brunnstrom stages for the hand and upper extremity and the FIM self-care score improved more in the mirror group than in the control group after 4 weeks of treatment (by 0.83, 0.89, and 4.10, respectively; all P<.01) and at the 6-month follow-up (by 0.16, 0.43, and 2.34, respectively; all P<.05). No significant differences were found between the groups for the MAS.

CONCLUSIONS:

In our group of subacute stroke patients, hand functioning improved more after mirror therapy in addition to a conventional rehabilitation program compared with a control treatment immediately after 4 weeks of treatment and at the 6-month follow-up, whereas mirror therapy did not affect spasticity.

Comment in

PMID:
18295613
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2007.08.162
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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