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Cell. 2008 Feb 22;132(4):645-60. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2008.01.033.

Mechanisms and functional implications of adult neurogenesis.

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1
Laboratory of Genetics, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

Abstract

The generation of new neurons is sustained throughout adulthood in the mammalian brain due to the proliferation and differentiation of adult neural stem cells. In this review, we discuss the factors that regulate proliferation and fate determination of adult neural stem cells and describe recent studies concerning the integration of newborn neurons into the existing neural circuitry. We further address the potential significance of adult neurogenesis in memory, depression, and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.

PMID:
18295581
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2008.01.033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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