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J Hazard Mater. 2008 Sep 15;157(2-3):335-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.12.112. Epub 2008 Jan 15.

Biodegradation of pyridine by the new bacterial isolates S. putrefaciens and B. sphaericus.

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Biotechnology Department, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad, India.


In this study, two bacterial strains capable of utilizing pyridine as a sole carbon source were isolated from biofilters. Based on the biochemical test, the organisms were identified as Shewanella putrefaciens and Bacillus sphaericus. In liquid cultures, S. putrefaciens and B. sphaericus degraded pyridine quite effectively up to 500 mg L(-1). S. putrefaciens degrades 500 mg L(-1) of pyridine completely within 140 h, whereas the B. sphaericus degrades 500 mg L(-1) of pyridine only nearly 75% and takes a longer duration of 150 h. S. putrefaciens used pyridine as sole carbon and energy source better than B. sphaericus. Monod's and Haldane's inhibitory growth models were used to obtain maximum specific growth rate (micro(max)), half saturation (K(s)) and substrate inhibition (K(i)) constant for pyridine by using S. putrefaciens and B. sphaericus. The high value of K(i) for S. putrefaciens than B. sphaericus indicates that the inhibition effect can be observed only in a high concentration range. The S. putrefaciens degrades pyridine with a faster rate than B. sphaericus. S. putrefaciens can be used effectively for the treatment of pyridine bearing wastewater and as an inoculum in a biofilter treating pyridine-laden gas.

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