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Bioessays. 2008 Mar;30(3):237-48. doi: 10.1002/bies.20718.

The blood-CSF barrier explained: when development is not immaturity.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic, Australia. piaaj@unimelb.edu.au

Abstract

It is often suggested that during development the brain barriers are immature. This argument stems from teleological interpretations and experimental observations of the high protein concentrations in fetal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and decreases in apparent permeability of passive markers during development. We argue that the developmental blood-CSF barrier restricts the passage of lipid-insoluble molecules by the same mechanism as in the adult (tight junctions) rendering the paracellular pathway an unlikely route of entry. Instead, we suggest that both protein and passive markers are transferred across the epithelium through a transcellular route. We propose that changes in volume of distribution can largely explain the decrease in apparent permeability for passive markers and that developmentally regulated cellular transfer explains changes in CSF protein concentrations. The blood-CSF tight junctions are functionally mature from very early in development, and it appears that transfer from blood into embryonic brain occurs predominately via CSF rather than the vasculature.

PMID:
18293362
DOI:
10.1002/bies.20718
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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