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Mini Rev Med Chem. 2008 Feb;8(2):153-70.

Glucocorticoid measurements in health and disease--metabolic implications and the potential of 24-h urine analyses.

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Forschungsinstitut für Kinderernährung, Research Institute of Child Nutrition, Department of Nutrition and Health, Heinstück 11, 44225 Dortmund, Gemany.


For examination of glucocorticoid metabolism and identification of hyper and hypocortisolism, various measurements and diagnostic tools are available. After a brief overview of the physiology of glucocorticoid secretion and glucocorticoid actions, the currently used measurements for blood, saliva, and urine samples and the corresponding physiological and metabolic implications are critically reviewed. A special emphasis is placed on the potential of 24-h urine analyses to assess not only glucocorticoid secretion, but also functional glucocorticoid activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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