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Eur J Cancer Prev. 2008 Apr;17(2):178-83. doi: 10.1097/CEJ.0b013e3282b6fd88.

Genetic polymorphisms in mediators of inflammation and gastric precancerous lesions.

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German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.


Chronic inflammation induced by Helicobacter pylori is a key process in gastric carcinogenesis. We hypothesized that genetic polymorphisms in important mediators of H. pylori-induced inflammation may influence the risk of developing various grades of precancerous lesions. We studied the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 (PTGS1 and PTGS2), inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2A), interferon gamma (IFNG) and its receptor (IFNGR1), and risk of gastric precancerous lesions in a Venezuelan population characterized by high rates of H. pylori infection. We found no association of precancerous lesions with SNPs in PTGS1 and in IFNG. A nonsynonymous SNP of NOS2A (Ser608Leu) and an SNP located in the promoter of IFNGR1 (C-56T) were associated with higher risk of atrophic gastritis [odds ratio (OR)=1.37, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.01-1.86, and OR=1.49, 95% CI=1.01-2.19, respectively]. Two SNPs of PTGS2 were associated with risk of dysplasia (OR=1.60, 95% CI=1.01-2.54, and OR=0.66, 95% CI=0.43-0.99). We conclude that genetic variability in the genes we studied does not play a major role in the early stages of gastric carcinogenesis.

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