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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Mar 4;105(9):3310-4. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0709809105. Epub 2008 Feb 20.

Gating at the selectivity filter in cyclic nucleotide-gated channels.

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Porter Neuroscience Research Center, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-3701, USA.


By opening and closing the permeation pathway (gating) in response to cGMP binding, cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels serve key roles in the transduction of visual and olfactory signals. Compiling evidence suggests that the activation gate in CNG channels is not located at the intracellular end of pore, as it has been established for voltage-activated potassium (K(V)) channels. Here, we show that ion permeation in CNG channels is tightly regulated at the selectivity filter. By scanning the entire selectivity filter using small cysteine reagents, like cadmium and silver, we observed a state-dependent accessibility pattern consistent with gated access at the middle of the selectivity filter, likely at the corresponding position known to regulate structural changes in KcsA channels in response to low concentrations of permeant ions.

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