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Appl Opt. 1998 Aug 1;37(22):5058-62.

GaN-Based Solar-Ultraviolet Detection Instrument.


We report on the fabrication of a solar-UV monitoring system that uses GaN-based photodetectors. GaN photoconductors, p-n junction photodiodes, and Schottky barrier photodiodes have been fabricated and characterized as UV sensors. The best performances are obtained in Schottky photodiodes, which show a linear response, a flat responsivity of 100 mA/W, a visible rejection ratio higher than 10(3), and a noise-equivalent power of 1 nW/Hz(-1/2). Preliminary data on Al(x)Ga(1-x)N (x = 0.15, 0.22) detectors are also presented. Using GaN Schottky diodes, we fabricate and evaluate a complete solar-UV detection head.

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