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Biosens Bioelectron. 2008 May 15;23(10):1503-11. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2008.01.006. Epub 2008 Jan 16.

Non-Faradaic electrochemical detection of protein interactions by integrated neuromorphic CMOS sensors.

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  • 1School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cornell University Ithaca, 323 Phillips Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA.


Electronic detection of the binding event between biotinylated bovine serum albumen (BSA) and streptavidin is demonstrated with the chemoreceptive neuron MOS (CnuMOS) device. Differing from the ion-sensitive field-effect transistors (ISFET), CnuMOS, with the potential of the extended floating gate determined by both the sensing and control gates in a neuromorphic style, can provide protein detection without requiring analyte reference electrodes. In comparison with the microelectrode arrays, measurements are gathered through purely capacitive, non-Faradaic interactions across insulating interfaces. By using a (3-glycidoxypropyl)trimethoxysilane (3-GPS) self-assembled monolayer (SAM) as a simple covalent link for attaching proteins to a silicon dioxide sensing surface, a fully integrated, electrochemical detection platform is realized for protein interactions through monotone large-signal measurements or small-signal impedance spectroscopy. Calibration curves were created to coordinate the sensor response with ellipsometric measurements taken on witness samples. By monitoring the film thickness of streptavidin capture, a sensitivity of 25ng/cm2 or 2A of film thickness was demonstrated. With an improved noise floor the sensor can detect down to 2ng/(cm2mV) based on the calibration curve. AC measurements are shown to significantly reduce long-term sensor drift. Finally, a noise analysis of electrochemical data indicates 1/f(alpha) behavior with a noise floor beginning at approximately 1Hz.

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