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Clin Dermatol. 2008 Jan-Feb;26(1):30-4. doi: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2007.10.009.

Permanent makeup: indications and complications.

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Dermatology Department, AZ Sint-Jarr, Ruddershove 10, B-8000 Brugge, Belgium. <>


Cosmetic tattoos, simulating makeup, have become very popular in the last decades; the technique of micropigmentation consists of implantation of pigment into the skin using a tattoo pen. The procedure can also be used to camouflage vitiligo, to mask scars, and as an adjunct to reconstructive surgery. Risks and complications include infections, allergic reactions, scarring, fanning, fading, and dissatisfaction about color and shape. Lasers offer the best cosmetic result for removal of unwanted tattoos.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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