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Microbes Infect. 2008 Feb;10(2):122-8. doi: 10.1016/j.micinf.2007.10.011. Epub 2007 Oct 26.

P. gingivalis accelerates gingival epithelial cell progression through the cell cycle.

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Department of Preventive Dentistry, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka, Japan.


P. gingivalis, an opportunistic pathogen in periodontal disease, can reside within the epithelial cells that line the gingival crevice. A proteomic analysis revealed that infection of gingival epithelial cells with P. gingivalis induces broadly based changes in the level and phosphorylation status of proteins that exert multi-level control on the eukaryotic cell cycle. Pathways that were impacted by P. gingivalis included those involving cyclins, p53 and PI3K. The predicted infection-dependent phenotype was confirmed by cytofluorimetry that showed an enhanced proliferation rate of gingival epithelial cells infected with P. gingivalis associated with accelerated progression through the S-phase. Elevated cell proliferation was dependent on the presence of the long fimbriae of P. gingivalis. The ability of P. gingivalis, a common inhabitant of the subgingival crevice, to accelerate cell cycling could have biological consequences for barrier and signaling functions, and for physiological status, of the gingival epithelium.

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