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Exp Hematol. 2008 Mar;36(3):273-82. doi: 10.1016/j.exphem.2007.11.006.

CXCR4 induction in hematopoietic progenitor cells from Fanca(-/-), -c(-/-), and -d2(-/-) mice.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Bone marrow failure is a near-universal occurrence in patients with Fanconi anemia (FA) and is thought to result from exhaustion of the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) pool. Retrovirus-mediated expression of the deficient protein corrects this phenotype and makes FA a candidate disease for HSC-directed gene therapy. However, inherent repopulation deficits and stem cell attrition during conventional transduction culture prevent therapeutic chimerism.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We previously reported rapid transduction protocols to limit stem cell losses after ex vivo culture. Here we describe a complementary strategy intended to improve repopulation through upregulation of chemokine receptor (CXCR) 4, a principal factor in hematopoietic homing.

RESULTS:

Using murine models with transgenic disruption of Fanca, -c, and -d2, we found that c-kit(+) and sca-1(+) progenitor cells express levels of CXCR4 comparable with those of wild-type littermates. Lineage-depleted progenitor populations rapidly upregulated CXCR4 transcript and protein in response to cytokine stimulation or hypoxia, regardless of genotype. Hypoxia conditioning of lineage-depleted Fancc(-/-) progenitors also reduced oxidative stress, improved in vitro migration and led to improved chimerism in myeloablated recipients after transplantation.

CONCLUSION:

These studies provide evidence that CXCR4 regulation in progenitor cells from transgenic mice representing multiple FA genotypes is intact and that modulation of homing offers a potential strategy to offset the FA HSC repopulation deficiency.

PMID:
18279715
PMCID:
PMC2335150
DOI:
10.1016/j.exphem.2007.11.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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