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Thromb Haemost. 2008 Feb;99(2):279-85. doi: 10.1160/TH07-10-0632.

Targeting phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma to fight inflammation and more.

Author information

1
Molecular Biotechnology Center and Department of Genetics, Biology and Biochemistry, University of Torino, Via Nizza 52, 10126 Turin, Italy.

Abstract

The family of class I phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) is composed of four lipid kinases involved at multiple levels in innate and adaptive immune responses. Class I PI3Ks are divided into two subclasses, IA and IB, sharing a similar catalytic core. Whereas class IA PI3Ks are primarily activated by receptor tyrosine kinases, the unique element of class IB PI3K (PI3Kgamma) is activated by G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), like chemokine receptors. PI3Kgamma is mainly expressed in leukocytes where it plays a significant role in chemotaxis. Here, we report recent advances in the analysis of the role of PI3Kgamma in leukocytes and in endothelial cells. Results, derived from studies based on both pharmacological and genetic approaches, confirm PI3Kgamma as an attractive target for drug discovery. PI3Kgamma specific inhibition has gained increasing attention for the treatment of allergic, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Development of inhibitors has already provided series of hits, whose efficacy is currently under scrutiny worldwide.

PMID:
18278175
DOI:
10.1160/TH07-10-0632
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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