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J Natl Med Assoc. 2008 Jan;100(1):91-7.

Associations between home remedy use and a validated self-reported adherence measure in an urban African-American population with poorly controlled hypertension.

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Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, USA.



To determine associations between home remedy use and self-reported adherence among urban African Americans with poorly controlled hypertension.


A cross-sectional structured interview of African Americans admitted to medical units for uncontrolled hypertension at an urban academic hospital from 1999-2004. Logistic regression was used to test associations between home remedy use and self-reported adherence.


One-hundred-eighty-three of 272 participants completed the study (67%); 39 (21%) reported using home remedies for hypertension. In a multivariate model, home remedy use was independently associated with greater medication adherence (OR for nonadherence=0.32, 95% CI: 0.14-0.75; p<0.01) and dietary adherence (OR for changing diet=3.28, 95% CI: 1.10-9.81; p=0.03), but not lifestyle or appointment adherence. These associations remained strong while controlling for age; sex; employment status; and key covariates, including greater medication side effects (OR=4.31; 95% CI: 1.64-11.3; p<0.01), greater difficulty paying for medications (OR=2.94, 95% CI: 1.25-6.92; p=0.01) and longer duration of diagnosis (OR for log years=1.53; 95% CI: 1.02-2.33; p=0.045).


Home remedy use may be a marker of positive self-care for some hypertensive African Americans and not a promoter of nonadherence.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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