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Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2008 Feb;15(1):113-8. doi: 10.1097/HJR.0b013e3282f00990.

Left ventricular remodelling in patients with moderate systolic dysfunction after myocardial infarction: favourable effects of exercise training and predictive role of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide.

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Cardiac Rehabilitation Unit , Department of Clinical Medicine, Cardiovascular and Immunological Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Naples, Italy.



To investigate the effects of exercise training (ET) on left ventricular (LV) volumes, cardiopulmonary functional capacity and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in postinfarction patients with moderate LV dysfunction.


Sixty-one postinfarction patients were randomized into two groups: group T [n=30, LV ejection fraction (EF) 41.6+/-11.3%, mean+/-SD] entered a 6-month ET programme, whereas group C (n=31, EF 42.0+/-7.6%, P=NS) did not. NT-proBNP assay, Doppler-echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise test were performed upon enrolment and at sixth months.


At sixth months, trained patients showed an improvement in workload (+26%, P<0.001), Vo2peak (+31%, P<0.001), LV end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI; -9%, P<0.001), a reduction in NT-proBNP (-71%, P<0.001) and a significant correlation between changes in NT-proBNP and in LVEDVI (r=0.858, P<0.001). Baseline NT-proBNP correlated with changes in LVEDVI in both trained (r=0.673, P<0.001) and untrained (r=0.623, P<0.001) patients. Group C showed unfavourable LVEDVI dilation (+8%, P<0.001; T vs. C group, P<0.001) and a smaller reduction in NT-proBNP (-40%, P<0.001; T vs. C group, P<0.001).


Six month ET induced a favourable LV remodelling and a marked fall in NT-proBNP that could predict LV remodelling in postinfarction patients with moderate LV dysfunction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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