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Reprod Sci. 2008 Feb;15(2):147-55. doi: 10.1177/1933719107310990.

Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the human progesterone receptor gene and spontaneous preterm birth.

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Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.


Progesterone supplementation can prevent preterm birth in some high-risk women. Progesterone binds to progesterone receptor (PR) and modulates the expression of target genes. This study investigates the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the PR gene and spontaneous preterm birth. DNA was extracted from consecutive patients with preterm birth (n = 78) and term controls (n = 415), and genotyping was performed for 3 PR SNPs (+331[G>A], + 770[C>T], +660[G>T]) using Sequenom matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Data were analyzed by chi(2) test and logistic regression analysis. Multivariate analysis showed no association between maternal carriage of minor + 331T, +770T, and/or +660T alleles and preterm birth when controlled for maternal age, ethnicity, gravidity, parity, prior preterm birth, route of delivery, or neonatal outcome. Carriage of +770T and +660T (but not +331T) was associated with preterm birth in women with a body mass index <18.5 kg/m(2) (relative risk, 10.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.4-82.6; P = .02). Maternal carriage of minor alleles of +331(G>A), +770(C>T), and +660(G> T) SNPs in the PR gene is not associated with spontaneous preterm birth.

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