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FEBS Lett. 2008 Mar 5;582(5):819-25. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2008.02.005. Epub 2008 Feb 12.

Stromal cell-derived factors 1alpha and 1beta, inflammatory protein-10 and interferon-inducible T cell chemo-attractant are novel substrates of dipeptidyl peptidase 8.

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Centenary Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, Newtown, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Erratum in

  • FEBS Lett. 2008 Apr 2;582(7):1168.


N-terminal truncation of chemokines by proteases including dipeptidyl peptidase (DP) IV significantly alters their biological activity; generally ablating cognate G-protein coupled receptor engagement and often generating potent receptor antagonists. DP8 is a recently recognised member of the prolyl oligopeptidase gene family that includes DPIV. Since DPIV is known to process chemokines we surveyed 27 chemokines for cleavage by DP8. We report DP8 cleavage of the N-terminal two residues of IP10 (CXCL10), ITAC (CXCL11) and SDF-1 (CXCL12). This has implications for DP8 substrate specificity. Chemokine cleavage and inactivation may occur in vivo upon cell lysis and release of DP8 or in the inactivation of internalized chemokine/receptor complexes.

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