Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pediatr Nephrol. 2009 Nov;24(11):2129-35. doi: 10.1007/s00467-007-0740-7. Epub 2008 Feb 14.

Medical treatment of pediatric urolithiasis.

Author information

  • 1Bone and Mineral Disorders Clinic, Children's Mercy Hospital and Clinics, University of Missouri at Kansas City, 64108, USA. ualon@cmh.edu

Abstract

In recent years the incidence of pediatric stone disease has increased several fold, mostly due to hypercalciuria and hypocitraturia. The goal of medical treatment is to protect the patient from formation of new stones and expansion of existing ones. The non-pharmacological means to address stone disease include high fluid intake and, frequently, modification of nutritional habits. The pharmacological treatment is based on the chemical composition of the stone and the biochemical abnormalities causing its formation; hence, chemical analysis of the stone, urine and blood is of paramount importance and should be done when the first stone is detected. This review discusses the current options of medical treatment of pediatric urolithiasis.

PMID:
18273648
PMCID:
PMC2753768
DOI:
10.1007/s00467-007-0740-7
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center