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Rev Chilena Infectol. 2008 Feb;25(1):30-6. doi: /S0716-10182008000100007. Epub 2008 Feb 8.

[Short duration of initial intravenous treatment in 70 pediatric patients with osteoarticular infections].

[Article in Spanish]

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1
Unidad de Infectología, Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Dr. Sótero Del Río, Santiago, Chile.

Abstract

Osteoarticular infections (OAI) are infrequent in pediatrics and there is controversy on the need for prolonged use of intravenous antimicrobials.

OBJECTIVE:

To characterize and describe evolution and complications of a regimen of 7 days initial intravenous antibiotic treatment for OAI in children, completing 4-6 weeks of total treatment.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In a large pediatric hospital, 70 children younger than 15 years of age were diagnosed with OAI between March 2003 and December 2004. Children received 7 days of intravenous antibiotics followed by 3 to 5 weeks of oral treatment.

RESULTS:

Incidence of OAI in this hospital was 1.8:10000. Patients mean age was 6.4 +/-4.4 years and 60% presented with septic arthritis, 36% osteomyelitis and 4% osteoarthritis. In 80% of cases, the infection was located in the lower extremity. Positive cultures were obtained in 59% predominating Staphylococcus aureus (46.5%). Seven patients had prolonged pain or persistently high or increasing serum C reactive protein levels and were maintained on prolonged intravenous therapy. None of the 63 children with 7 day intravenous antimicrobials nor the 7 children with prolonged intravenous use developed a complication in the short-term follow up.

CONCLUSIONS:

Seven days of intravenous antibiotic for the initial phase of OAI treatment was effective in a majority of children and may be recommended.

PMID:
18273522
DOI:
/S0716-10182008000100007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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