Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Klin Padiatr. 2009 Mar-Apr;221(2):78-82. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-993204. Epub 2008 Feb 12.

[Early feeding in infancy and atopic dermatitis - a prospective observational study].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Institut für klinische Immunologie und Allergologie der Masaryk-Universität, Brno, Tschechien.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recommendations for primary prevention of allergic diseases in high-risk children include hypoallergenic infant formulas (HA) if breastfeeding is insufficient. The primary objective of our study was to investigate the atopic dermatitis (AD) preventive effect of breastfeeding and HA-nutrition in the first 2 years of life and to follow the increase in weight.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Altogether 174 newborns with a hereditary risk for atopy were enrolled in the study, 121 children were investigated at the age of 2 months, 111 at the age of 4 and 106 at the age of 6 months. A total of 45 infants were in the first half-year of life exclusively breastfed and 61 infants were mainly fed with HA.

RESULTS:

The body weight of initially HA-fed children was 7870G (SD 949) significantly higher as the one of breastfed children (7508 G, SD 912, p=0.0571), in addition the weight increase was also significantly higher in HA-fed infants at the age of 6 months (p=0.0042). The frequency of AD as well as SCORAD score at the age of 6 to 24 months was comparable in both groups. Neither the milk-specific IgE antibodies nor the proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to bovine beta-Lactoglobulin (BLG) at the age of 6 months had a prognostic value for development of atopic dermatitis.

CONCLUSION:

The likelihood to develop AD in the first 2 years of life was comparable in exclusively breastfed as in HA-fed infants with hereditary risk for atopy. The initially HA-fed children demonstrated at the age of 6 months higher body weight and weight increase as the exclusively breastfed infants. The efficacy of nutritional intervention on the incidence of AD in high-risk children for atopy could not be predicted by milk-specific IgE antibodies or BLG-specific proliferation of PBMC.

PMID:
18270883
DOI:
10.1055/s-2007-993204
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York
Loading ...
Support Center