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Brain Lang. 2008 Dec;107(3):229-45. doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2008.01.002. Epub 2008 Feb 11.

Communicative impairment in traumatic brain injury: a complete pragmatic assessment.

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Center for Cognitive Science and Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Via Po 14, 10123 Turin, Italy.


The aim of the present study was to examine the communicative abilities of traumatic brain injury patients (TBI). We wish to provide a complete assessment of their communicative ability/disability using a new experimental protocol, the Assessment Battery of Communication, (ABaCo) comprising five scales--linguistic, extralinguistic, paralinguistic, context and conversational--which investigate all the main pragmatic elements involved in a communicative exchange. The ABaCo was administered to 21 TBI subjects and to a control group. The results showed that performance by TBI patients was worse than that of controls on all scales; moreover they showed a trend of increasing difficulty in understanding and producing different pragmatic phenomena, i.e., standard communication acts, deceits and ironies, whether such phenomena are expressed through the linguistic or extralinguistic modality.

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