Send to

Choose Destination
J Cell Mol Med. 2008 Aug;12(4):1177-87. doi: 10.1111/j.1582-4934.2008.00280.x. Epub 2008 Feb 8.

Biomarker candidates for cardiovascular disease and bone metabolism disorders in chronic kidney disease: a systems biology perspective.

Author information

Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel, Vienna, Austria.


Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) show a panel of partially de-regulated serum markers indicative for bone metabolism disorders and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). This review provides an overview of currently reported biomarker candidates at the interface of kidney disease, bone metabolism disorders and CVDs, and gives details on their functional interplay on the level of protein-protein interaction data. We retrieved 13 publications from 1999 to 2006 reporting 31 genes associated with CVDs, and 46 genes associated with bone metabolism disorders in patients with CKD. We identified these genes to be functionally involved in signal transduction processes, cell communication, immunity and defence, as well as skeletal development. On the basis of the given set of 77 genes further 276 interacting proteins were identified using reference data on known protein interactions. Their functional interplay was estimated by linking properties reflected by gene expression data characterizing CKD, gene ontology terms as provided by the gene ontology consortium and transcription factor binding site profiles. Highly connected sub-networks of proteins associated with CKD, CVDs or bone metabolism disorders were detected involving proteins like collagens (COL1A1, COL1A2), fibronectin, transforming growth factor-?1, or components of fibrinogen (FG-alpha, FG-beta, FG-gamma). A systems biology approach provides a methodological framework for linking singular biomarker candidates towards deriving functional dependencies among clinically interlinked diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center