Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2008 Aug;16(8):865-72. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2007.11.013. Epub 2008 Feb 8.

Evaluating the benefits of patterned stimulation in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: a multi-center, randomized, single-blind, controlled study with an independent masked evaluator.

Author information

1
Radiant Research, San Antonio, TX, United States.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study investigated the benefits of the combination of interferential (IF) and patterned muscle stimulation in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee.

DESIGN:

This was a multi-center, randomized, single-blind, controlled study with an independent observer. The study randomized 116 patients with OA of the knee to a test or control group. The test group received 15 min of IF stimulation followed by 20 min of patterned muscle stimulation. The control group received 35 min of low-current transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). Both groups were treated for 8 weeks. Subjects completed questionnaires at baseline and after 2, 4 and 8 weeks. Primary outcomes included the pain and physical function subscales of the Western Ontario MacMaster (WOMAC) OA Index and Visual Analog Scales (VAS) for pain and quality of life.

RESULTS:

Compared to the control group, the test group showed reduced pain and increased function. The test group showed a greater decrease in the WOMAC pain subscale (P=0.002), function subscale (P=0.003) and stiffness subscale (P=0.004). More than 70% of the test group, compared to less than 50% of the control group, had at least a 20% reduction in the WOMAC pain subscale. When analyzing only patients who completed the study, the test group had a nominally significant greater decrease in overall pain VAS. No significant between-group differences were observed in incidence of adverse events.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with OA of the knee, home-based patterned stimulation appears to be a promising therapy for relieving pain, decreasing stiffness, and increasing function.

PMID:
18262443
DOI:
10.1016/j.joca.2007.11.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center